Web Coding Languages (1.1) – HTML; XHTML; PHP; FTP; CSS; JAVASCRIPT.


HTML is a web language which is used to describe webpages the actual name (Hyper Text Markup Language) is created by markup tags that give description to the content of the web page these tags are commonly enclosed by <brackets>. They commonly are placed in pairs with a starting and closing tag.

HTML is the basis for web pages it enables these pages to be viewed by anyone who uses the internet the specific assigned I.P address is then given a domain name and the markup languages work by being formed into mark up tags in detail to whats on the page.


XHTML (Extensive Hyper Text Mark Up Language) and HTML share similar markup languages but XHTML is neater though some may say they are pretty much exactly the same in the year 200 the W3C saw that XHTML would be favorable for many website owners. However they are slightly difference in XHTML all elements have to be closed inserting </> is the proper way of closing an element.


HTML5 is the improved version of markup language it’s the fifth version of the HTML standard it’s the best ever so far and it’s seen to give documents good structure there are several things that make the new HTML5 better than the others and especially the advantage of being able to show a video without adobe Flash or an external plug in.


PHP’s alternative name (Hypertext Preprocessor) plays a big part in Interactive Web Design php files contain HTML tags, scripts and text PHP code lines have to end with a semi colon (;) which is used tom show the difference between each individual set of instructions although PHP isn’t compatible with all servers it is with most databases.

FTP (File Transfer Protocol) allows access to file servers their functions cover a vast amount from, downloading, uploading, renaming, opening and closing connections FTP have several ways of operating with different unique servers but for Windows FTP automatically functions as the database supports it.


CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) created by W3C used for describing the format of a document written in mark up language it’s style is best fitted to web pages with the mark up of HTML and XHTML. The aim of CSS is designed to separate the content of a document including the elements of layouts, colours and font. It also helps to reduce complex web pages in its structure what’s different about CSS is how it can allow different  mark up pages to be presented in different styles such as voice, braille and what other settings the author has chosen which makes it unique to the user.


Sometimes known as (JS) is used in applications outside web pages for instance PDF documents this protoype based scripting language has functional programming styles. Javascript rose in popularity increased with it’s client scripting language for web pages.

There are several advantages of using javascript it enables HTML editors to modify elements and style in addition to this it can also store and validate data daily.


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